Uladyslaw Jagaila or Jagello (eng. pron.: Yaguello, pol.writting: Wladyslaw II Jagiello)
1348 - 1.6.1434
The Duke of Lithuania 1377-92,
Jagaila succeeded to the throne of the Grand Duchy of Litva (Lithuania), Rus' and Samogitia in 1377 and presided over a time of continuing encroachment of Christianity as well as territorial expansion. Caught between Catholic Poland and the Teutonic Knights, Jagaila chose union with the Poles, solidified in the 1385, 14 August, Act of Kreva.
In 1388 the Diocesis of Vilna was founded;(another diocesis was established in SAMOGITIA in 1417).
For the hand of the Polish princess, Jadwiga, Jagaila promised to convert to Roman Catholicism. This signified the beginning of a partnership in which the barons of the still autonomous principalities of Lithuania and Poland agreed to act by mutual consent.
Jagaila agreed to change his confession to Catholicism and also baptized the still Pagan tribes of Zhmudz and Aukshtota. He hoped to convert the Belarusian population to Catholicism, too, but only a small part accepted. According to the Kreva union, both countries still had their independent internal governments, but defense and international affairs were united.
...Wladyslaw Jagiello was crowned on March 4,1386...
King Louis of Poland and Hungary had died in 1382, leaving behind two daughters. The Polish nobility had the younger daughter, Jadwiga - divorced from Wilhelm von Habsburg; they offered her in marriage to Duke JOGAILA (widely known under the Polish spelling of his name, JAGIELLO) of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, if the pagan Lithuanians would convert to Catholicism and if the Grand Duchy of Lithuania would agree to give PODOLIA to Poland. Jagiello fulfilled both conditions; the marriage was held 18.02.1386, beginning the Jagiellonian Dynasty in Poland. Jagiello ruled in Poland until 1434; Lithuania in 1392-1430 was ruled by Duke Vitaut The Great .
1386-1569 - Dynastic Connection GDL with Poland
The Grand Duchy, although closely allied with Poland, remained a separate political entity. The Grand Duchy included Lithuanian (now Catholic) heartland in the north, and large stretches of areas inhabited by RUTHENIANS (Belarusians, Ukrainians) of Orthodox confession. At the SYNOD of Novahradak (1415) the Orthodox church of the Grand Duchy declared itself independent. Head of the Grand Duchy's Orthodox church was the METROPOLITAN OF KIEV, residing in Novohrodek. The Lithuanian nobles elected their dukes. Although Poland and Lithuania often were ruled in PERSONAL UNION (i.e. the King of Poland also was Grand Duke of Lithuania), Lithuania kept separate political institutions - an administration, assembly, army.
In the Polish-Lithuanian union, Grand Duchy of Lithuania was stronger and bigger, and the cultural development was also higher in Lithuania. When Jagaila moved to Krakow, the Polish capital, he took with him many Belarusian painters to work decorating his palace. Until the end of his life, Yahaila couldn't speak Polish well and used his native Belarusian. His last wife, Sonka, was a Belarusian patriot; she brought up her sons, Wladyslaw and Kazimir, in the spirit of love of Belarus.
Jagiello seeined to understand the significance of education. He supported the refoundation of the Academy of Cracow. The oldest and the most recognised of all Polish universities
31.10.1424 was born his first son Uladyslau
30.11.1427 was born Kazimir (since 1440 king Kazimir IV )
|symbol "Pahonia" ("Chase") - on the monument(tombcover) of King Wladyslaw Jagiello in Cathedral in Krakow(Cracow)
the origins of symbol